Orthodontists are trained to diagnose and create treatment plans for a variety of dental issues. They have all of the same training as your family dentist, but they have added additional years of training in order to specialize in the treatment of malocclusion, or bad bite. If you have an issue with your bite, it is very important that you seek and receive orthodontic treatment because when you have teeth that are crooked or too close together, they are very hard to keep clean. When you are not able to keep your teeth clean, then plaque starts to build up and can create gum disease as well as tooth decay. Tooth issues can also cause you to chew inefficiently and cause parts of your teeth to wear down faster than other parts. We spoke to the experts at Fruge Orthodontics and they gave us a rundown of the most commonly treated orthodontic problems:
- Crowding – this can happen if the dental arch is too big or too small, or if you have teeth that are larger than the arch. When teeth are crowded together in the mouth, they can turn and become crooked. The bones and the gums of the teeth can also become thin and frail. Not only is this bad for the health of the teeth and gums, but it is also not extremely fattractive, which can cause issues with self-confidence.
- Protruding upper teeth (overjet) – This is when the top teeth come down in front of the lower teeth. This is bad for a couple of reasons: you are more likely to cause an injury or knock out your front teeth when they protrude, and it is likely that your molars are not making the right kind of contact with each other which can cause inefficient chewing. This is commonly seen when someone has (or had) a thumb sucking problem.
- Deep bite, or deep overbite – A deep bite is when the bottom teeth are coming down too close to the inside of the upper teeth. Sometimes they even bite into the gums that are behind the top incisors. This can be uncomfortable as well as bad for the bone.
- Open bite – An open bite is when the front teeth of the top and the bottom teeth are not able to touch each other. The puts more pressure on the back teeth because the impact of chewing is being absorbed by only the teeth that can actually touch. This can also cause issues when you are trying to eat because any snipping motions that are usually the job of the front four teeth are not able to be completed.
- Gapping or spacing – Spacing is when there is a gap between the teeth. This could happen for a variety of reasons such as teeth that are missing, or teeth that are too small for the mouth.
- Lower jaw protrusion (underbite) – This type of bite issue is when the lower jaw is actually a little bigger than the upper jaw. This causes the lower teeth to jut out further than the top teeth.